12/28/2005

spp's mission statement

1) Give all Sinaporean Education at least College Degree (Lower Diploma) 2) Let their parent had more time with family ( Family Love) 3) Society need to help them when they are in trouble (Social Care) 4) Family Financial has no problem (career and business) above are 4 points posted by a spp member(darkbrightside) at the ypap forum. i would not call this their mission statement as it is just a forum statement. but it did indicates the direction the party is thinking or looking at. if i were to be in their position i will be looking at the following: 1. reduce the cost of essential services. 2. reduce the cost of jtc factories and offices. 3. reduce the cost of hdb shops and lease properties. 4. reduce the cost of education esp in colleges, universities and independent schools. 5. reduce the pay of ministers, public sectors and glcs by 10-50% for those earning above $15k per month. 6. introduce a citizens first policies. good foreign talents are still welcome. 7. review the cpf policies of withholding the withdrawal of cpf savings. allow full withdrawal at 55 years but retain $10k -$15k to purchase an annuity policy to provide an allowance after the age of 65 for 10 years. the above are just preliminary thoughts and need to be modified with actual data.

63 comments:

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Try to help Singapore
Local Economy to help Local Singaporean

CPF issue I cannot decide it this Worker Party and NTUC and majority employees votes to decide what to do.

Private Offices, HDB, URA, JTC, Private houses and private propery is decided by market.

To help Singaporean on Entreprenuer is Ministry of Entrepreneur and EBD's task to build cheaper offices, retail shops and factories warehouses.

We should not just pink and point Malay is useless, lazy, family problem group and hopeless. We must help all Singaporean to achive Lower Diploma Education (ITC) so they able to get a good career or manage their own business. For family man Singaporean, they need more time to stay at home with the family (family love). Ministry of Communities Development and Social Work and Charities Organisation should help the poor or people who need help. (social care)

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Retire issue I cannot decide it this Worker Party and NTUC and majority employees votes to decide what to do.

redbean said...

this education thing got to think through carefully. it is a good thing to provide everyone with a good education. but if the market is flooded with graduates, then graduates will either end up as taxi drivers or waiters or become unemployed. and that will be a bigger problem. they will complain that after spending so much money and wasted so much time in school they ended up unemployed.

basic education is essential. but people are gifted in different things. we must have an environment that value different talents and skills. not simply a piece of paper. a hawker, a cook, a footballer, singer, artiste etc can be more successful than a scholar.

redbean said...

why retire issue you cannot decide and a wp and ntuc issue? anyone, every party, can take a position on it. each can have his own views.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Democracy mean our people have to decide he, his family and his future by his own. This is a Good Government

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Think out of box:

Singaporean should not forever need to work in Singapore.

Lower End Job and Semi skill job, why must force Singapore to work. It can replace by Robot, Machine or WP Holder.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Education and Health also free, this is Democratic Socialism policy.

Welfare for poor Singaporean to stay in Welfare Block is also free

redbean said...

hi darkbrightside,

i agree that manual work can be automated and computerised, or even farmed out to foreign workers. as our nation gets richer, we can afford to upgrade, like hiring maids to do housework.

but we must also consider that not many people can upgrade, not everyone is academically sound to pursue up to college level education. there will be people who will not complete secondary schools. and these people need to work. and sadly, the fact is some will have to do manual work and can only do manual work.

one example is the 200,000 people above 50 years, with low education and unable to keep up with modern equipment and technology. what kind of work can they do? they still need to be gainfully employed.

a society will have a whole spectrum of people, from the intellectuals to the illiterate. from the scientists and engineers to the labourers. there must be jobs at all levels for all people.

over automation will deprive those at the lower level with job opportunities. they will become jobless.

redbean said...

the poor must be helped. and they must be helped to help themselves. we should not end up like a welfare state and people just refuse to work and live on welfare. this got to be balanced.

Elfred said...

Reddie,

It must be all dependent on the situation we have on hand. How can we help the people to help themselves when the primary role of the government (as such) to offer the environment is not effectively carried out?

You see, if we were to help the people to help themselves, we'd never ever have the resources to help. You might not realize the problem with such political slogan, but look around you...

It's only natural that under such thinking, those who need help will probably get nothing... those who do not need as much help will get more. And the environment collapse eventually. See?

redbean said...

you are right elfred. we must teach people to help themselves. but those smarter ones already helping themselves.

the more they have, the more they help themselves.

and those who don't have, who need help most, will only get the leftovers.

but for political parties, it will be good if there get some sound objectives to start with. do some good to the people and nation. later when they have grown big and earned the trust of the people, then maybe pay back time.

got to start with some ideals and some sacrifices first.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_socialism

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_socialism

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Singaporean poor until not dare to tell. Malay say Malu to be poor. Chinese say no face to be poor.

We are different nation from them

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Because we not well educated that why we need maids and cheap labor.

In German, they build flat by Technology.

If we are good educated, room service, child care, Elderly home, house maintainance and so on. We will replace with machine, cheap package for different requirement to meet our customer meet.

To put parent to care home $1,800per month , we can not affort so we need maid.

To put baby care or local maid $2,000, we can not afford so we need cheaper maid.
and so on.

If we has good educated entrepreneur, maybe thing will change.

Matilah_Singapura said...

Yep. They are a Communist Party.

Free everything to everyone. Who pays?

MATILAH SINGAPURA!

;-)

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

I never blame anybody.

Chinese say Be a Leader, you should a good leader. Because we will die and we need to face what we had done.

Be modern politician, it is democratic society. Chinese say If you trust me. I will do my best.

If you not trust me, I must show my sincere to serve you and our nation.

We will alway respect elder person good work. We also need to give young people to lean.

In politic is there is no enemy but political need from public.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

HDB Resident Zone Facilities:

1) Provide a Shopping Center
2) Provide a Health Clinic Post
3) Provide a Police Post
4) Provide a Civil Defend Post
5) Provide a Resident Club
6) Provide a Primary School
7) Provide a Secondary School
Provide a Free Feeder Bus to Interchange
9) Provide a Post Office Post
10) Provide a Maintenance and Environment Service Post
11) Provide a swimming and sports complex
12) Provide a Children, Student and Elderly Care Center.
13) Provide a car park
14) Provide a nature park and garden facilities.
15) Elected Resident Committee to manage the Zone.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

If I make our citizen sufer, I will feel sad and not glad that...

If I can help from sufering, I thank you God.

Money can come easy to make every thing free. But you must be sincere.

Skill to make money not just take everthing from our citizen but find way and wisdom to solve financial issue

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Singapore was very poor but Goh Kim Swee find way to solve.

This call wisdom

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Politic has no enemy

We can work with WP, SDP and PAP.

All are our political friend.

We are working for the Citizen of Singapore.

We do not have one ruling party policy

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Singapore Democratic Alliance Government Long Term Plan:

Basic Entrepreneur Training will conducts free at the ERC's, NTUC¡¦s, SPEC¡¦s, ITE¡¦s, Polytechnics, Local Universities and other Institutions to encouraging our Singaporean Entrepreneur.

We hope in future most of Singaporean that capable to run business with his skill and talent to run their own business without fear.


All the local banks are encouraged supporting and play the role as a united local bank for entrepreneur funding.


This Entrepreneur Finance Cooperative will have easier loan:


1) Up to 51% loan for the Entrepreneur

2) The cooperative will own the company not more than 49%.


Those who not successful grant the fund, has to change the business plan or alliance with other entrepreneur to meet a good business plan.


Successful company should run franchise business or multi-level company business.


An Entrepreneur Ministry and Elected Entrepreneur Committee has to set up to manage the entrepreneur. They are accountable to make sure all the Singaporean received help and their problems had been solve.


EDB¡¦s has to build up offices, warehouses and factories to cut down rental and utilities cost.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

If you make all Singaporean be poor (80%M-P class), sure you do not dare to have welfare system.

If you able to make all Singaporean rich ($10K per month), you will say Why not.

Education give Knowledge, skill and talent. Capabilties make you rich.

Only minority failure need your help on Welfare system.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

None Religion Political Leader

1) Let other party look bad
2) Tell lie to make people support
3) Try make all thing done look well by all ways

Religion Political Leader

1) To be kind to all party
2) Let people understand the truth
3) Never mind to be stupid but be sincere to serve people first (Jesus or Buddha)

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Western says no but Asian say Yes?

GLC's

1) To avoid heavy tax's, GLC's able to give income to Singapore (no mean casino)
2) To avoid international economy effect local economy, so GLC's is more relate to our food, Utilities and home or basic citizen need during bad time. (farms, School, Hospital, Taxi, Singtel, Power Supply, Fair Price...)
3) To provide job and prevent jobless.
4) Set a model job environment to other organizations

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Chiam also said to us:

Serve the people before you


In Democratic Socialism:

Old worker unable to be train and Jobless it is GLC's duties to provide job to them if not, no point to have GLC's. It is againt Democratic value and not benefit to the Society.

December 29, 2005 8:05 AM

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
redbean said...

hi darkbrightside,

thanks for sharing your party's vision. i have only one suggestion. you need a good proofreader to polish up your manifesto.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Salary:

1) Company

HR will do market research to place salary to the staff before discuss with Union, NWC Standard, Finance and CEO.

Finance will review all the financial issue before discuss with HR and CEO

Accountant has to check all the expenses with the SOP plan and budget accordingly.

CEO will report all the activities to Director Board for review.

2) Parliament

PMO will do research on the Civil Servant Salary
MOF will do research on the budget
PM will report to the President what all about
President will review before approve.

The Singapore President is the one who make the final decision on the salary

redbean said...

another point for your party to consider, darkbrightside, is to recruit someone, maybe an academic, who are well versed in political philosophies and systems. it will make your presentation and alternative views more coherent.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

We will recruit someone, maybe an academic and professional capabilities, who are well versed in political philosophies and systems. Sure it will make my presentation and alternative views more coherent.

But come back Chiam be sincere to serve the people and not just profit and lose do not care behavior.

We must take the risk to benefit the people and economy. The result is action but not an academic report after Goh Kim Swee.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Dr Goh Keng Swee 08.12.65-13.12.84

redbean said...

as a political party you will have to adapt with the changes in time. in the past a cheecheongfan seller can stand for election. today it will be no go.

and your presentation is very important. you need nice packaging as well. the new electorate are young and sophisticated. they want the party to be likewise. even how the politicians dress and carry themselves are important.

and you need to put up good and respectable candidates. the old belief that a good man is a good man even if he has one eye and one leg no longer applies. pr is important.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

The theory, you had told me. The Opposition committee 2006 GE is ready.

Dream and formula, is up to Allah, God and Buddha

As politician in Democratic Society is serve the people.

All parties have owm moral and value. No point to have so many parties just apply the PAP policy only

redbean said...

hope you people will do well for the people and nation.

dreams are by man. success is up to god or fate or whatever.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Chiam, Low and Chee are the person behind to responsible to play the role on nice packaging as well and the new electorate are young and sophisticated. they want the party to be likewise. even how the politicians dress and carry themselves are important.

In politic, we are lead by leadership. Today if Dr Goh KS as leader we will make him success. Tommorrow Dr Goh CT as leader, we will make him success. The Next, Lee HL as leader, we will make him success. In 2006, who be PM, we will make him success.

Sure we should play as MP role to voice People Pride in democratic society

redbean said...

hi darkbrightside,

it is good to know that opposition will play a positive role in the running of the country and not oppose for the sake of opposing. chiam and low have gained a lot of respect and credibility for the opposition. they should continue to be constructive and put up alternative views when necessary, for the betterment of the people and nation.

opposition and ruling parties must grow and mature and develop a stable political system for the future well being of the country. opposition shall not attempt to destroy the ruling party at all cost. likewise, ruling party must not destroy opposition for the sake of destroying opposition. both have a role to play in the running of the country. they must learn to live with each other as honourable men, as leaders of a nation. not gangsters.

chee must change his style and be less abrasive. it would be good if he could make a statement to his new approach and image and be a good and responsible player. at the moment he has an image problem and attracts only a small group of radical supporters. he needs mass appeal, support from the middle ground as well.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Thanks

May our God bless Singapore Long Live. amen

redbean said...

ya. if you need any political input from me,i will oblige. you can toss your party's ideas here and we can toss it around a little.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

http://www.spp.org.sg/Spp-youth%20leader.htm

http://www.spp.org.sg/Spp-Introductiondesmond.htm

limbc@spp.org.sg

dranthonyngchiewkiat@yahoo.com

Thank you. I am sill learn from Singaporean and my voter.

Please email some good idea so I will able to inform the party management for review

Thank you for your support

redbean said...

hi darkbrightside,

you may want to start with the post on spp's mission statement i posted earlier. i did state a few points there which your party may want to review.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

SPP is a part of SDA. SDA is part of Opposition. I am not the opposition leader. I am very new in Politic, I hope you understand position.

Thank you for let me know your view. amen

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Challenges to SPP

The immediate challenge before us is to make,
1. Our Party a vibrant, broad based multi-racial party in tune with the needs of Singapore.
2. Strive to make it the predominant opposition party in Singapore; and
3. Establish the two-party system in Singapore.


Tasks of the SPP

The SPP shall be used as a vehicle for nation building. Pursuant to that aim we have set ourselves the following tasks:-
1. Transform our society from a colonial, feudal past to a truly democratic society.
2. Bring about a moral and political unity and cohesiveness in our people.
3. Build a people's defense force in step with the progress of our economy.
4. Formation and encourage the growth of a new Singapore culture embracing all that is best in mankind's heritage.
5. Effect a transformation of our traditional trading economy into a modern industrial technologically advanced economy.


Democratic Socialism

Our political philosophy shall be democratic socialism. We believe in social justice and equality. We have respect for each individual, for each person is a member of the productive force of our nation capable of contributing towards its social, cultural and economic process. Under a truly democratic socialist system each citizen shall enjoy the rights of freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom of assembly and the freedom of the press.


Education

The principles we shall adopt are:

1. A truly and complete spirit of democracy in educational opportunities, a real, not formal equal opportunity to receive education for all our citizens.
2. Education must be life long and continuing process. Every opportunity shall be make available to a citizen to improve himself or herself whether in academic, technical or vocational institutions. In this respect our school system must be unified and show continuity in all stages and types of education.
3. There shall be at least 8 years schooling for every child and when the economy is further strengthen 10 years schooling shall be made compulsory for every child. There shall be no IQ tests, tests for streaming at the third year and the sixth year of a pupil's schooling. Our view is that IQ tests are subjective and do not serve any useful purpose and should not be used. Streaming of a child at an early age is educationally unsound and socially wrong. A child's mental development at that tender age is not fully developed and he must not be subjected to such humiliating tests. Such tests can do irreparable damage to a child. The harm done will manifest itself in later years by his anti-social behavior. Therefore we condemn the PAP education policy of persisting in streaming a pupil in his third and sixth year of schooling.
4. Schools shall provide broad, general curricula for it is only on such a basis can it be possible to discover and fully develop the talents and abilities of our youth. There shall be also a broad and free-choice extra-curricular subjects to satisfy more fully the individual interests of the child.
5. There shall be emphasis in the scientific approach to a student's studies. A pupil shall be encouraged to think, to reason and to work on his own. The pupil shall also be aware of production techniques in the factories and plants and to learn to work with his hands and respect the dignity of labor.
6. All government schools shall have equally high standards and children shall be encourage to attend schools nearest to their places of residences. We shall also encourage the building of more boarding schools so that children will be given a taste of community living at an early life to encourage and inculcate good social rapport between students.
7. Our education shall be aimed at producing school children who shall be:-
(i) good citizens;
(ii) physically healthy;
(iii) self-confident and determined;
(iv) alert, knowledgeable with good cultural and aesthetic tastes.
8. The curricula, the activities in the schools shall be set up to achieve an all-round development or each individual, of bringing out and encouraging each child's talent and abilities with a view to the development of the pupil's independence and initiative.
We consider that it is through education that we can really effect nation building and no effort shall be spared to build an education system that is second to none.


Defense

Singapore is a small island of about 644 square kilometers connected to the mainland of Peninsula Malaysia by a causeway of about 1½ kilometers long. Soon Singapore shall have a second link to Malaysia when the bridges joining the two countries is completed in November this year. When we are considering Singapore's defense needs we cannot divorce ourselves from taking into account our said geographical position. World War II history has shown us that a force of not more than 60,000 assault troops could march down the Peninsular Malaysia in about 2 months and capture Singapore within one week of reaching the Straits of Johore. The lesson to be learnt is that there is no such thing as the defense of our island as an isolated entity. The defense of our island republic must also take in account the defense of Peninsula Malaysia. We have to make every effort and seek and maintain at all times a close relation with our Malaysian neighbour.
We support National Service. The programme of National Service must be rationally carried out so that we can get the maximum effectiveness out of the money spent on those programmes and at the same time they shall not interfere without hinder our economic development. The budget set aside for our annual military spending shall be in step with our economic well being.
The primary aim of National Service shall be for the Defense of the Nation. We shall oppose any move to use the conscription of our youth for any other purpose. Our soldiers shall not be used for any sectional interest. Our soldiers shall not be used to coerce or suppress our own people. We must always be vigilant and not allow our military to become an arm of any political organisation. We shall build a respect for the military. The military as an institution shall have a place in our way of life, in its turn our military forces shall be an instrumental to protect and preserve our way of life.
Our stand and concern on the current issues
· We are against CPF cut, it should be last resort when all else has failed. If government insisted, it should be implemented gradually over a six month periods
· The government should not again make our workers bear the full brunt of the reviving the economy
· In raining days, black clouds, thundering and showers, we urge the government not to build mountains of surplus every years, in such economic climate, the government should stop to accumulate wealth, at the expense of our workers. We want the government to accept deficit for another two years and ease the hardship of our workers with more relief packages
· We urge the government to scrap the plan to increase the GST to 5% next year
· We suggest to bring down corporate tax to 18%
· We suggest that the government to give 100% tax exemption (at least three years) to new investors whom set up new factory that involve high labours intensive
· We suggest to cut our petrol tax by 50%
· We urge government to reduce cost such as lower rentals, keep land prices at an affordable rate, keep transportation, utilities, administrative, legal services and other operation costs down
· We urge government to freeze all fee hikes
· We hope the government to consider in allowing workers to use their money in CPF, especially for legitimate purposes, such as for their children's education, to pay their debts or even to start a business in this difficult economic climate

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

INTRODUCTION


At independence, the concern of the government of Swaziland was to expand availability of space in the School system following restrictions of the previous government.


As a consequence, educational services and facilities were significantly expanded and Universal Primary Education i.e. access of every school going age child to school at primary level, was attained in 1985. Population growth however, threatens this attainment and there are now serious concerns with respect to overcrowding in schools and consequent understaffing.


Having achieved increased accessibility at primary level, Government's efforts have now shifted to not only consolidating the achievements, but also to addressing important issues such as quality, relevance and affordability of education. The ultimate goal is that graduates of the education system must meaningfully contribute to the development of both the cultural and economic development of the country.


Recognizing this need, Government consciously committed itself to specific decisions geared to resolving specific identified public problems that hinder such contribution.


1.0 PROBLEM STATEMENT


The present system of education in Swaziland is characterized by the following key features:


1.1 The system has not adequately adapted itself to the changing needs of the society; in that it has not fully addressed the problems of relevance, quality and accessibility. Areas of particular concern include:


a. a quality curriculum

b. well trained teachers

c. quality facilities

d. an improved teacher/pupil ratio

e. teaching and learning attitudes

f. improved attitudes, morals and values


1.2 Problems of adequacy and affordability of learning materials.

1.3 Unaffordability of education to a significant proportion of the nationals.

1.4 Limitations on curricula choices caused by inadequate provision of physical infrastructures.

1.5 Inadequate provisions for learners with special needs.

1.6 Imbalance between academic and practical subjects with limited opportunities for progression.


2.0 VISION AND OBJECTIVES

2.1 The provision of opportunities for all pupils of school-going age-and adults to develop themselves in order to improve the quality of their own lives and the standard of living of their communities remains the central theme of the National Development Strategy (NDS).


2.2 The Ministry of Education shall offer a wide range of practical subjects so that more pupils would be made aware of their value. This would help change attitudes toward these subjects and develop the intellectual, moral, aesthetic, emotional, physical and practical capacities that are needed to shape and adapt to a fast-changing complex and uncertain socio-economic environment.


2.3 Education and training programmes shall engender a sense of civic mindedness and foster the skills that are necessary to participate effectively in the development of the country.


3.0 UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION

Universal access to basic education will remain a priority within available financial and other resource capacities. Such education shall be pragmatic enough to not only permit students to move on to higher education, but also to permit students to make a living through gainful employment in both the formal and informal sectors of the economy, after completing this level.


3.1 The school entry age shall be six years. The Ministry of Education shall provide a 10 year Universal Basic Education to all children of school-going age.To achieve this objective, the Ministry of Education shall:


3.1.1 With community participation and partnership expand the existing schools to accommodate the progression of all pupils through this general cycle.


3.1.2 Empower communities to take responsibility for the care and protection of their schools.


3.1.3 Provide quality teachers and facilities throughout the country.


3.2 Continuous Assessment shall be an integral part of teaching and learning strategies to reduce wastage, repetition and dropout rate. Continuous Assessment shall be made effective and workable as a mechanism that can allow normal progression.


3.3 An appropriate examination system shall be adopted to enable students to progress through the various levels of the education system.


3.4 The Ministry of Education shall develop an integrated system of education that provides equal opportunities to all irrespective of sex, religion, geographical location, special needs, political, or other factors.


3.5 Regular improvements in the curriculum shall continue to take place in all subject areas to meet new demands and to ensure continuity throughout the 10-year cycle of the school system. Consultation with parents, students and other major stakeholders shall be a priority when making regular improvements on the curriculum. Localisation of the school curriculum and examinations for the entire school system shall continue to improve the relevance, quality and cost effectiveness of education. In localizing, the Ministry of Education shall ensure that the education is still in line with the international standards of education.


3.6 Communities and other organizations shall be encouraged by the Ministry of Education to participate in pre-school education by providing infrastructure and ensuring that sound educational programmes at this level are implemented. The Ministry of Education shall continue to provide professional services to pre-school education through its inspectorate.


3.7 The Ministry of Education shall support initiatives aimed at providing education in the fields of Science, Technology and Mathematics, as these are crucial areas to development.


3.8 Practical arts taught at basic level shall be used as a foundation for vocational education.


3.9 In providing essential fife-skills, the Ministry of Education shall also support efforts aimed at providing reading and writing skills as well as pre-vocational, vocational education and entrepreneurship within a outside the school system. Physical Education shall be encouraged to develop a healthy body and mind in the learner, thus creating a healthy nation.


3.10 As part of the Human Resource Development Strategy incorporated into the National Development Strategy (NDS), education shall address the development of knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary for social integration and sustainable human development such as: poverty alleviation, entrepreneurship, environmental protection, women empowerment both at formal and non-formal levels.


3.11 The Ministry of Education shall introduce and develop Information and Communication Technology Education in the school system to equip citizens to meet challenges of the twenty first Century.


4.0 HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION

There is no doubt that formal education continuous to assume significant importance. Hence successful performance at School is still regarded as a prerequisite for formal employment, though self-employment in both the formal and informal sectors is increasingly desirable. Of particular concern is the large numbers of students who graduate from High School but have no wage employment to go into. Thus the great concern about relevance and quality of education.


4.0 The Ministry of Education shall provide a two-year programme of high school education to pupils who shall have successfully completed their nine- year basic education. Such high school education shall prepare pupils for life skills and further education and training in accordance with the indentified social economic needs of the country.


4.1 A variety of academic subjects including a quality core curriculum shall be offered. Pupils shall be encouraged to take at least one practical subject.


4.1.1 Pre-vocational education shall be offered through a range of practical subjects designed to provide pupils with skills, attitudes, practical and entrepreneurship skills suitable for making appropriate choices in career paths and vocational training.

4.2.2 Pre-vocational subjects in the curriculum shall have the same status as academic subjects.

5.0 SPECIAL EDUCATION


So far special education has been associated the needs of children with disabilities. The demand for places at the existing schools for outstrips supply. What compounds this shortage is the fact that identification of special needs happens late in childhood. The flip side of this challenge concerns children described as gifted i.e. very bright. They are also in need of attention and assistance. Government joins other countries in tackling these challenges as far as possible, within normal schools rather than creating dedicated facilities to resolve these.


5.1 Educational programmes shall be designed and offered to children with special needs such as physical disabilities, visual and auditory impairment, mental disabilities, social and behavioral problems as well as gifted children.

5.2 The Ministry of Education shall facilitate access to education for all learners with disabilities by improving the infrastructure to make it user-friendly from basic through tertiary level.

5.3 The Ministry of Education shall support the integration and inclusion of children with special learning needs in the Education System.


5.4 Special facilities for gifted children shall be made available in learning institutions.


6.0 ADULT AND CONTINUING EDUCATION


Education is a continuous process with no possible end. Therefore the focus now is not just education but life long learning which takes place both formally and informally. Therefore, the Ministry of Education shall support:


6.1 All the Adult and Life-long Education initiatives in the country.


6.1.1 Adult Education shall provide numeracy, literacy and life skills

6.1.2 Distance Learning shall be used as one of the means to provide life-long learning.

6.1.3 Adult education and Life-long programmes shall be designed to meet the demands of target groups.


6.2 The Ministry of Education shall continue to perform its co-coordinating function while relevant Ministries continue to run such programmes.


7.0 EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING


Guidance and counseling services shall be offered to students at all levels of Education and training and shall be an integral part of the education process to add value and quality to the whole person i.e. the learner.


8.0 TERTIARY EDUCATION


The various formal Colleges and the University provide Human Resources specific to the needs of development. However, concern is increasing as more graduates do no get absorbed into the formal employment sector. Further, concern is growing on the disproportionate and very high cost of educating fewer numbers and solely borne by the government.


8.1 The Ministry of Education shall provide trained personnel in accordance with the identified social-economic needs of the country.


8.2 There shall be cost sharing mechanism between the Ministry of Education and beneficiaries of tertiary education.


8.3 Tertiary education curriculum shall be structured to suit the ' world of work' and self-employment.


8.4 Duration of programmes for tertiary training shall take into account cost implications and relevance.


8.5 Tertiary education shall impart research skills and inculcate the culture of research for personal, professional and social development.


9.0 TEACHER EDUCATION


Various calls have been made for reform of overall curricular content information communication technology, and special needs. In order to be in a position to respond to these needs, there is an urgent need to reorient teacher education.


9.1 PRE-SERVICE

9.1.1 Students who are admitted into teachers' colleges, in addition to their academic aptitude, shall be expected to conform to the norms of the teaching profession.


9.1.2 Duration of programmes for teacher training shall take into account cost implications and relevance.


9.1.3 Curriculum for Teacher Education shall be flexible to address and/or integrate relevant educational innovations as they come.


9.1.4 Teacher education shall impart research skills and inculcate the culture of research for personal, professional and social development.


9.2 IN-SERVICE

The Ministry of Education shall provide in-service facilities to improve knowledge and expertise of serving teachers and keep them in step with current trends of the teaching profession.


10.0 VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (VET)


10.1Objective:

10.1.1 Ensuring that the financing of vocational training is a joint venture between the Government, the employers and their enterprises, the trainees and others, through the introduction of jointly managed and administrated financing schemes.

10.1.2 Promotion or provision of vocational training, including the Establishment of Training Resource Centre, according to needs, within the framework of overall socio-economic Development plans and policies.


10.1.3 To contribute significantly to the solving of employment related problems, through a flexible vocational training system in order to ensure that:


Vocational training addresses imbalances between supply and demand for qualified skilled-labour by steering away from a predominant focus on preparing school-leavers for wage-employment in the formal sector, towards providing appropriate skills and attitudes which people need for self-employment in both rural and urban areas.
Vocational Training becomes an important element in efforts at eradicating inequity and inequality among the people of Swaziland and includes groups thus far neglected, such as women and disabled.

10.1.4 Utilization of a vocational training system which incorporates the following:


Training programmes based on Swazi or regional Standard Classification of Occupations.
Provision for life-long training and arrangements for trainees to re-enter the main educational system for higher-level education and training and further advancement (e.g. Master Craft, Technician or Engineer), as appropriate.
Training programmes based on Swazi or regional Standard Classification of Occupations.
Provision for life-long training and arrangements for trainees to re-enter the main educational system for higher-level education and training and further advancement (e.g. Master Craft, Technician or Engineer), as appropriate.
Provision o training for widest possible range of citizens, irrespective of their level of formal education to enter the system for training.

10.1.5 Ensuring that sufficient numbers of adequately qualified and experienced training officers, instructors, in-plant trainers and other related training personnel are available to meet the needs of the overall vocational training programme in the country.


10.1.6 Ensuring that the financing of vocational training is a joint venture between the Government, the employers and their enterprises, the trainees and others, through the introduction of jointly managed and administrated financing schemes.




10.2 GOALS


The main goals of Vocational Education and Training will be the:


Development of a functional gender sensitive, affordable and efficient VET-System of sufficient capacity according to the needs of the economy, the society and the individual.
Enhancement of VET as an attractive and integrated component of a permeable comprehensive System of Education.
Promotion of entrepreneurial skills and values as an integral element of VET at all stages, sectors and areas.
Contribution to a foresighted and coordinated National Skills Development Planning and to Business and Employment Promotion Programs.

10.3 Cornerstones of VET


To achieve all these the Ministry of Education shall:


Provide for a Self-dynamic, flexible and functional system, driven and implemented by the interests of the users and providers.
Implement VET as a fully integrated component of education and training as of equal value with horizontal and vertical permeability in the national system of education.
Provide a Holistic training with nationally recognized standards of competencies and attitudes in trades set by the needs of self-employment and the employment sector.
Provide for a Gender open VET including promotion of female preferred trades
11.0 FUNDING IN EDUCATION


11.1 School fees shall be determined and justified by the head teacher and committee of each school. It shall then be presented for approval to parents in consultation with the Regional Education Officer (REO).


11.2 The Ministry of Education shall fund different levels of education according to priority needs of the time.


11.3 The Ministry of Education shall continue to assist needy pupils with bursaries for basic education.


11.4 There shall be cost sharing between the Ministry of Education and beneficiaries.


12.0 MANAGEMENT OF THE SCHOOL/EDUCATION SYSTEM


12.1 School inspector/supervision shall remain an integral part of the school management system.


12.2 Success in improving the quality of education and training shall depend on having an effective and responsive organization to manage change in terms of mechanisms, institutions and legislation.

12.3 The school/education system must be re-organised at national, sectoral and regional levels to include:


12.3.1 decentralization of most of the powers and responsibilities currently vested in the headquarters to the regions.

12.3.2 disciplining of students at school level in accordance with school regulations and the existing laws of the country.

12.3.3 de-regularization of services from the Ministry of Education to the private sector for cost – effectiveness and quality services. However, the Ministry of Education shall monitor the standard of performance by the private sector.

12.3.4 mechanisms and legislation for managing the system such as the:

12.3.4.1 Education Act

12.3.4.2 Teaching Service Act and Regulations

12.3.4.3 Schools Accounting Regulations


12.3.5 an act of parliament establishing colleges, NCC and INSET.


12.3.6 the provision of education by private institutions provided that such institutions are properly registered with the Ministry of Education.


12.3.7 structures of institutional governance such as School Committees, Parents- Teachers' Association (PTA) and School Boards of Directors that will reflect the interest of all stakeholders and the broader community served by the school.


12.3.8 Proper articulation and co-ordination of curriculum throughout all levels of education.


12.3.9 A statutory National Accreditation and Certification Board with a responsibility for accreditation, certification and maintenance of national standards.


12.3.10 the strengthening of auditing system to improve financial management in schools.

12.3.11 Training of Head-teachers, School Committees, PTAs and School Board Members to manage relevant aspects of the school life effectively.


12.4 School Rules and Regulations shall be reviewed from time-to-time to facilitate the smooth running and management of the school system.




13.0 MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION


13.1 There shall be a Management Information System (MIS) unit, which shall be an integral part of the planning section of the Ministry of Education.


13.2 The MIS shall be charged with the responsibility of collecting all information needed by the Ministry of Education in making informed policy decisions.


13.3 The MIS shall devise ways and means of disseminating information to all stakeholders.


13.4 The Ministry of Education shall continuously update skills and technology in the MIS unit.


14.0 LIBRARY SERVICES


An act of parliament establishing library services shall be enacted.


The National Library Services shall be the National Resource Information Centre. The National Library Services shall advise in the development and upgrading of school libraries.


15.0 CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT


15.1 There shall be an act of parliament promulgated to establish and delineate the functions of and grant the relevant authority to the National Curriculum Centre (NCC).


15.2 The NCC shall be charged with the responsibility of producing and procuring relevant quality instructional materials, which shall be monitored and approved by the Ministry of Education.


15.3 The Ministry of Education shall support and strengthen curriculum development, evaluation and research through in-service training and further education of the relevant personnel.


15.4 The National Curriculum Centre shall advise the Ministry of Education on issues related to instructional materials production and procurement.


16.0 IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM


There shall be a mechanism to monitor the implementation of education policy.


17.0 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS


The Ministry of Education shall continue to support and enjoy friendship with International organizations that have the same aims and objectives of educating the nation as the Ministry of Education.


Annual subscriptions and any other dues required for various subject affiliations shall be made payable to respective International organizations. The Ministry of Education shall in return expect all benefits enjoyed by members/institutional members of those respective International Organizations. The various departments of the Ministry which have subscribed/and or affiliated to any International organization shall be required from time to time to furnish the office of the Principal Secretary with all the activities of the International organization and also continuously up-date it with all necessary information pertaining to the department which are the result of affiliation to any particular International organization.


By affiliating to such organizations, the Ministry of Education shall be bound by obligations to play an active role in the activities of such organizations to ensure optimum opportunities and benefits arising from such membership

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Our GLC’s is too strong; other countries will worry that we win the war of world economy. This is our present disadvantages.

So now we want to will the war in the World economy, we must:

1) Franchising Business on Service industrial
2) Multi level Business on consumer products
3) Business Joint Venture on Mega Project Business
4) Business Alliance on Monopoly World Market Business

GLC’s:

1) Provide job for people that jobless
2) Monopoly all the necessity Service and product:
A) Free goods and service
B) Remain lower end market service and products
C) Control market in a lower price sing
3) Find for revenue and reduce heavy tax

Matilah_Singapura said...

WOW redbean. Your blog has become a bill board for s'pore's latest COMMUNIST party!

Jaga baik baik, yah kawan... political blogging is against the law :-)

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

SPP do not installed a ruling party policy.


The usage of the terms "communism" shifted after 1917, when the Bolsheviks changed their name to the Communist Party and installed a single-party regime devoted to the implementation of socialist policies under Leninism

redbean said...

actually the highest state of communism is the same as capitalism. and the communists of today are actually capitalists, or neo communists. ideologies have lost their meanings when pragmatism rules the day.

we are seeing the dictatorship of the proletariates everywhere, most notably in the usa and singapore.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

The Singapore People's Party is a left of centre party in Singapore. It was founded in 1994 by Sin Kek Tong, who led a pro-Chiam See Tong faction out of the Singapore Democratic Party. For 3 years, Sin Kek Tong was the stand-in secretary-general of the party until Chiam See Tong came and took over after parliament was dissolved in preparation for the 1997 General Elections. The party won its one and only seat in that election at Potong Pasir, with its leader Chiam See Tong as Member of Parliament. In 2001, Chiam See Tong initiated a cooperation with the National Solidarity Party, the Singapore Malay National Organisation and the Singapore Justice Party to form a common front against the governing People's Action Party(PAP). As a result, the Singapore Democratic Alliance(SDA) was born.
In the 2001 General Elections, Chiam See Tong was returned to parliament with a slim majority as the sole Member of Parliament for the party and the SDA. The other member of parliament for the SDA, Steve Chia of the National Solidarity Party, is a Non-Constituency Member of Parliament as he finished as the best opposition runner-up.
Apart from Chiam See Tong, the other key member in this party is Sin Kek Tong, also best remembered for his narrow election loss in Braddell Heights constituency to the incumbent PAP Member of Parliament Goh Choon Kang during the 1991 General elections.
The National Soildarity Party is a centrist party in Singapore. Formed in 1987 by a group of middle-class businessman and women, it has contested the elections since 1988 and has not yet won a seat. Its previous leader was Tan Chee Kien, before being currently led by Mr Yip Yew Weng, as President and Secretary General Mr Steve Chia Kiah Hong, who is represented in the Parliament of Singapore as a Non-Constituency Member of Parliament. He was the most successful opposition candidate who did not win a seat in the Singapore general election, 2001.
The NSP is a Political Party founded in July 1987. It is also a founding member of the Singapore Democratic Alliance (SDA), led by Mr Chiam See Tong of Potong Pasir. NSP is represented in Parliament by its Secretary General Mr Steve Chia, as the Non-Constituency Member of Parliament (NCMP) when he garnered the most percentage of votes among the Opposition losers at the 2001 General Elections in Choa Chu Kang.
The NSP focuses around introducing 'competition' into politics, with the intrinsic perspective that due to the total dominance of the Singapore People's Action Party that there is not a high level of accountability and not enough checks and balances. The party has been noted by observers as being as a continuation of the highly meritocratic culture that has become popular in Singaporean culture during the last century into politics. As noted above, the party is a centrist party in terms of economic and social policy, arguing that 'greater' involvement from more sectors of Singaporean society in politics would further 'democratise' the government's decision-making paradigm.

The Singapore Malay National Organisation (PKMS, short for Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura in Malay) is a political party in Singapore.
The party was originally a branch of the United Malays National Organisation, but split when Singapore left Malaysia in 1965. PKMS participated in the general elections between 1968 and 1991 but has failed to win a seat. In 1997, it did not take part in the elections. Since 2001,PKMS is a member of the Singapore Democratic Alliance.

HAJI BORHAN BIN ARIFFIN - President
MUHAMAD ALI AMAN - Deputy President
OSMAN BIN HASSAN - Vice President
ALI BIN ASJADI - Vice President
ROSIETA HUSSAIN - Chief of Woman Wing
ISMAIL BIN MD YAACOB - Chief of Youth Wing
MALIK BIN ISMAIL - Secretary General
AZHAR BIN ALI - Second Secretary General

redbean said...

hi matilah,

really there is a law against political blogging? i haven't come across it.

i don't mind reading some of the info provided by darkbrightside. save me the trouble for looking for them.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

So SDA HDB:

1) Welfare and Rental Blocks 10%, 1RM/2RM/3RM-SS
2) HDB for Poor 10%, (2005 $2K per-month) 2RM/3RM4RM/5RM-S
3) HDB for Average and Middle class, 20%, (2005 $4K per-month) 4RM/5PM/EX-M&L
4) Open Market HDB class, 50%, All PR and Singaporean applicable, 1RM/2RM/3RM/4RM/5RM/EX-XL
5) HDB facilities class, 10% (5M/10M/20M/40M/80M/160M)

The project ratio change according to Economy and HDB demand

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

No War with Iran. Singapore NSF is for local defend only

redbean said...

hi darkbrightside,

i only can figure that you are saying hdb should build certain percentage of flats for the different groups. but don't know the what and the why?

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

SDA will consider the 50% of total Public Housing Policy and 50% of Semi Public Housing Policy. For Information, SDA must do better than PAP HDB issues:-

Public housing

Public housing or project homes is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. Although the principles are common, the details of the arrangements differ between countries, and so does the terminology.
Australia
In Australia, public housing is provided by departments of the various state and territory governments. These departments are usually known as the Housing Commission, the Department of Housing or the Housing Trust, and known colloquially as the 'houso'. Public housing generally consists of low-density detached housing on master-planned estates located on the suburban fringes of cities and towns, though some inner-city high-rise public housing stock can be found in Melbourne and Sydney. Most public housing in Australia was built between 1945 and 1980, with governments in recent decades less willing to build and provide for new public housing estates.
Austria
Vienna
In the early 1920s, in response to its dramatic housing crisis, Vienna was the site of the most advanced social housing movement in Europe, "Red Vienna". This liberal, Social Democratic project was confined to urban Vienna, as opposed to the more-conservative countryside. Most of its distinctive buildings are still standing, are centered around courtyards, and feature communal facilities like common laundries and playgrounds. Architects associated with Red Vienna include the students of Otto Wagner, Adolf Loos, and Margarete Schutte-Lihotzky. Today in Vienna, about 600,000 people live in Gemeindebauten, public housing estates owned by the municipality.
France
In France, a quarter of the population lives in government-subsidised housing complexes, known as HLM (habitation à loyer modéré).
Germany
Between 1925 and 1930 Germany was the site of innovative and extensive municipal public housing projects, mostly in Berlin and Frankfurt am Main. These Siedlungen (settlements), were made necessary by the dreadful living conditions of pre-war urban tenements. The right to a healthy dwelling was written into the 1919 Weimar Constitution, but few dwellings were built until economic stability in 1925.
These settlements were low-rise, no more than 5 stories, and in suburban settings. Residents were provided access to light, air, and sun. The size, shape, orientation and architectural style of Germany's public housing were informed by the recent experience of the Vienese and the Dutch, the anti-urban Garden City Movement in Britain, by new industrialized mass-production and pre-fabrication building techniques, by the novel use of steel and glass, and by the progressive-liberal policies of the Social Democrats.
Architect Martin Wagner (with Bruno Taut) was responsible for the thousands of dwellings built in and around Berlin, including the Horseshoe Siedlung (named for its shape), and Uncle Tom's Cabin Siedlung (named for a local restaurant). But Wagner was second to the city planner Ernst May in Frankfurt. May was responsible for the construction of 23 separate settlements, 15,000 total units, in five years. He ran his own sizable research facility to investigate, for instance, air-flow in various floorplan configurations, construction techinques, etc. The Austrian architect Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky applied the principles of Taylorism to the kitchen workspace and developed the Frankfurt kitchen while working for Ernst May.
Beyond technical research May also published two magazines and embarked on a significant public-relations project, with films and classes and public exhibitions, to make Neues Bauen acceptable to the public. In the late 1920s the principles of equal access to "Licht, Luft und Sonne" and the social effects of a guaranteed ""Existenzminimum" became a matter of lively popular debate all over Germany. One indirect result of this publicity was the American housing movement: a young Catherine Bauer attended one of May's conferences in 1930, and wrote her seminal "Modern Housing" based on research done in Frankfurt and with Dutch architect JJP Oud.
Increasing pressure from the rising National Socialists brought this era to an end in 1930. A majority of the German public housing experts had Social Democrat or Communist sympathies and were forced out of the country.
Netherlands
In the Netherlands, the rent for the cheaper rental homes is artificially kept low. As such, non-profit (but non-governmental) housing societies are the only ones venturing into that market segment. The vast majority of the low-rent apartments in the Netherlands are owned by such agencies.
Ireland
In Ireland, public housing and halting sites have been built by Local Authorities and are known as Local Authority Accommodation. Dublin Corporation and the former Dublin County Council provided the lion's share of Irish Local Authority Housing, with County Longford having the largest ratio of Local Authority to private housing in the state.
Israel
During the 2005 pullout of Israeli citizens from the West Bank and Gaza, the Israeli government constructed many temporary homes in small neighborhoods close to the borders to be used for those displaced by the event.
Hong Kong
In Hong Kong, the government provides homes through public housing estates which are rented at a lower price than the markets, and through the Home Ownership Scheme, which are sold at a lower price.
New Zealand
Main article: state housing
In New Zealand, public housing, known as state housing, was introduced in 1937 for citizens unable to afford private rents.
Singapore
In Singapore, public housing is managed by the Housing and Development Board.
Most of the residential housing developments in Singapore are publicly governed.
Public housing in Singapore as such is not generally considered as a sign of poverty or lower standards of living as compared to public housing in other countries (Australia, England etc. where land constraint is a non-issue and property pricing is significantly cheaper in the cost to size ratio). Poverty for the population on a whole is non-existant in Singapore.
United Kingdom
Main article: Council housing
In the United Kingdom public housing is often referred to as "council housing" and "council estate", based on the historical role of district and borough councils in running public housing. Local semi-independent not-for-profit housing associations have begun to operate some of the older council housing estates in the United Kingdom. More recently the government refers to both as 'Social Housing', and Housing Associations are now referred to as 'Registered Social Landlords' (RSL's). Additionally local planning departments may require private-sector developers to offer "affordable housing" as a condition of planning permission.
Governments since the late 1950s have also encouraged "mixed tenure" in regeneration areas and on "new-build" housing estates, offering a range of ownership and rental options, with a view to engineering social harmony through including "social housing" and "affordable housing" options. Recent research by Dr. Rebecca Tunstall and a major 2005 research report by the influential Joseph Rowntree Foundation has shown that tenure mixing does not have the desired effects, and has many negative effects. The current government are now considering changes in housing and regeneration policies in this area.
United States and Canada
Main article: Public housing in the United States and Canada
In the United States and Canada, public housing is usually a block of purpose-built housing operated by a government agency, often simply refered to as "projects."
In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, government involvement in housing for the poor was chiefly in the area of requiring new buildings to meet certain standards - like having airshafts - for decent livability. Most housing communities were developed from the 1930s onward and initial public housing was largely slum regeneration, with no nationwide expansion of public housing. This helped ease the concerns of a health-conscious public by eliminating or altering neighborhoods commonly considered dangerous, and reflected progressive-era sanitation initiatives. However, the advent of make-shift tent communities during the Great Depression caused concern in the Administration. Franklin Delano Roosevelt wrote in 1938, "Today, we are launching an attack on the slums of this country."
Public housing in its earliest decades was usually much more working-class and middle-class and white than it was by the 1960s and after. Many Americans associate large, multi-story towers with public housing, but early projects, like the Ida B. Wells projects in Chicago, were actually low-rise, though Le Corbusier superblocks caught on before World War II, as seen in the (union built) Penn South houses in New York.
What Kenneth T. Jackson and other historians have called the "ghettofication" of public housing occurred for several reasons. One reason was the general weakening of the urban working classes. By the late 1950s the reservoir of needy working class urban dwellers was simply smaller than it had been previously. Additionally, federal law required that no person could pay more than a quarter of his or her income for rent in public housing. Since middle class people would pay as much, or more, for rent in public housing as they would in superior private housing, middle class people had no incentive to live in public housing at all. Another public policy factor that led to the decline in public housing was that, in general, city housing agencies ceased to screen tenants (New York City was an exception). In the 1940s, some public housing agencies, such as Chicago's under Elizabeth Wood, would only accept married tenants and gave special benefits to war veterans.
Public housing was only built with the blessing of the local government, and projects were almost never built on suburban greenfields, but through regeneration of older neighborhoods. The destruction of tenements and eviction of their low-income residents consistently created problems in nearby neighborhoods with "soft" real estate markets.
Houses, apartments or other residential units are usually subsidized on a rent-geared-to-income (RGI) basis. Some communities have now embraced a mixed income, with both assisted and market rents, when allocating homes as they become available.
In recent years, many such projects have been torn down, renovated or replaced after criticism that the concentration of poverty in economically depressed areas, inadequate management of the buildings, and government indifference have contributed to increased crime. U.S. public housing continues to have a reputation for violence, drug use, and prostitution, leading to the passage, in 1996, of a federal "one strike you're out" law, calling for the eviction of tenants convicted of crimes, especially drug-related.
In reaction to the problems surrounding public housing, the US Congress passed legislation enacting the Section 8 Housing Program in 1974, which Richard Nixon signed into law, to encourage the private sector to construct affordable homes. This kind of housing assistance assists poor tenants by giving a monthly subsidy to their landlords. This assistance can be 'project based,' which applies to specific properties, or 'tenant based,' which provides tenants with a voucher they can use anywhere vouchers are accepted. Virtually no new project based Section 8 housing has been produced since 1983. Effective October 1, 1999, existing tenant based voucher programs were merged into the Housing Choice Voucher Program, which is today the primary means of providing subsidies to low income renters. The Bush Administration has recently proposed controversial changes to the Housing Choice Voucher Program.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Our MP Chiam principles are freedom of Singaporean, equality to all Singaporean and serve our people with love and sincere heart.

We are the people MP, By the people, for the peple and of the people.

Chiam views and insights on Singapore's future economic development, infrastructure and political system

Our MP Chiam principles are freedom of Singaporean, equality to all Singaporean and serve our people with love and sincere heart.

We are the people MP, by the people, for the people and of the people.

Chiam views and insights on Singapore's future economic development, infrastructure and political system

MP Chiam and Sufferings of the Singaporean People — the Singaporean in this generation can look back to Singapore, retrace the path Chiam walked and remember his ideals, striving for equality and fraternity.

(White Horse Family and Farmer Family)

Dr Sun Yet Sun (Singapore-KMT) said if you want to be a good leader you must like Chiam serve with love and Sincere.

Dr Sun Yet Sun (KMT-SPP) said Democracy is like a sun light that shining bright future to the suffering people. SDA Long Live

redbean said...

sunyatsen was too idealistic. that's why he failed to lead china and prolonged the suffering of the chinese people. but that was history.

a good leader must be kind and sincere and also be a leader, take decisive actions for the good of the nation. make correct judgement for the general good.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/singaporebrightallia said...

Tengku is my good political leader for 1957-1965
LKY is my good political leader for 1965-1990
GCT is my good political leader for 1990-2004
LHL is my good political leader for 2004 until now.
Chiam, JB, Dr Chee and Low is my best opposition political leader.
They had contribute many good to us.
I only look into their capabilities and aware on their weakness.
I never say anybody poor leader but I hope my dream will come true mean freedom and democracy.

redbean said...

that's a good way of looking at political leaders. just look at the good side and ignore the backside.

good also depends on which angle you are looking at? good to who?